Training: General Information

2021 CGJA Training Programs

Every year the California Grand Jurors’ Association (CGJA) conducts training seminars for grand jurors and alternates on their various civil functions. Experienced and highly qualified trainers who have served as grand jurors or grand jury legal advisors present these programs locally, throughout the state, as "onsite" seminars for one to three counties. These seminars include twelve full hours of presentations and over 300 pages of training materials. In 2021 and beyond, CGJA will be providing training seminars as needed throughout the year to counties who will be impaneling either on a fiscal or calendar-year basis.  The seminars will be conducted using Zoom or in-person if local restrictions on in-person gatherings can be met.

CGJA also conducts Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshops, Legal Advisors' Workshops, and Report Writing Workshops. See below for more information on these important workshops.

For further information on any of the CGJA training programs, please contact Training Committee Chair, Marsha Caranci, or by phone at (530) 242-6554.



Onsite Grand Jury Training Seminars

Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshops

Legal Advisors’ Training and Workshops

Report Writing Workshops



Click on any seminar or workshop below for more information, including location and cost.


Onsite Grand Jury Training Seminars

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this year our normal in-person onsite training will mostly be done remotely for each county. The training will be approximately twelve hours of presentations spread over 3-4 days. Individual attendee registration is not required as the county pays a set fee for all attendees.


Onsite Training Seminar Content

Our training seminars are for both new and returning grand jurors, as well as for alternates. Our objective is to provide the knowledge and skills required by grand jurors to perform their civil oversight functions. The general session core subjects are:

Grand Jury Overview

This session orients jurors to the grand jury’s mission and the historical context of the grand jury system in California. It includes an overview of the grand jury year with an emphasis on what takes place during each phase of the jury’s term. It covers organization of the grand jury (including the responsibilities of the foreperson and the other members of the grand jury) and the concept of the grand jury as a collegial, non-hierarchical body, sharing authority and operating as a unit.

Grand Jury Law

This session sensitizes jurors to the role of state law in governing grand jury activities. Citing specific Penal Code sections, it identifies what the grand jury must, may, and may not do. It provides references to case law and Attorney General Opinions useful to a fuller understanding of the grand jury’s powers and limitations as they pertain to its civil oversight function. The presentation also describes the accusation process for removing a person from public office.

Local Governments

This session describes the various local government agencies and entities that the grand jury is authorized to investigate and write reports about, including the county, cities, special districts, school districts, joint powers authorities, and other specialized entities. In addition, this session introduces jurors to the laws that govern these governments, including state codes, regulations, case law, and local charters and ordinances.

Legal Topics

This session addresses the potential for juror defamation, the roles of the grand jury's statutory advisors, and the transparency and ethics laws that apply to all local governments, including the Ralph M. Brown Act, the Public Records Act, and the Political Reform Act.

Grand Jury Investigations

This session defines grand jury investigations, discusses juror conflicts and recusals, and lays the groundwork for conducting grand jury investigations. Other topics include deciding what to investigate, planning and organizing the investigation, and conducting the investigation – stressing verification of information through “triangulation.” The session also covers how the final report must flow directly from the investigation.

Grand Jury Interviews

Grand jurors will learn how to plan the interview, develop questions, conduct the interview, and analyze and verify the information they obtain. The session also covers the importance of confidentiality and of determining the objectives of the interview. A portion of this session deals with proper professional demeanor, maintaining objectivity, and not jumping to conclusions. The session concludes with a video demonstration of a mock interview that highlights interviewing principles and best practices.

Grand Jury Reports

This session covers the reasons for writing reports, the types of final reports, and the report format and content. It introduces the writing process, including report organization; the responsibilities of the primary writer, investigating committee, editorial committee and full panel; the time required to draft and edit the report; and the report release process. It also describes the use of exit interviews to confirm the reports’ findings. The fall Report Writing Workshops (see below) are a more intensive handling of this topic and help build the skills grand jurors need in order to write effective reports.

Additional Workshops

In addition to the core sessions, the seminar includes a workshop on Collegiality. Video presentations on Continuity and Detention Facility Inspections are available for viewing after the seminar, and a webinar will be available on Special Districts late summer or early fall.


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Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshops 


Click on "Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshops" above for dates and to register.


Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshop Content

This workshop covers the leadership responsibilities of the foreperson and other officers of the grand jury. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the workshops will be presented remotely this year and will be conducted in two half-day sessions. Topics include:

   • How to get started

   • Useful techniques for organizing the jury

   • Coordinating and facilitating the grand jury's work

   • Team building

   • California law as it applies to the foreperson's duties and responsibilities

   • The administrative and leadership roles and functions of the foreperson and pro tem

   • Dealing with interpersonal issues and conflict resolution techniques

Participants take part in a variety of group activities to enhance the learning experience through the sharing of ideas.


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Legal Advisors' Training and Workshops


Click on "Legal Advisors' Training and Workshops" above for dates and to register.


Legal Advisors' Workshop Content

The workshop focuses on the attorney’s role in providing legal services to the grand jury in connection with its civil investigatory functions. Topics include grand jury jurisdiction; compelling the production of records; advisors’ conflicts and ethical walls; defamation avoidance; grand juror misconduct and discharge, including due process concerns; and the attorney's review of grand jury reports for legal compliance.

Those who attend the Legal Advisors’ Workshop will receive the 2021-2022 CGJA Training Manual, the 2021 Legal Advisors’ Guide, and the Compendium of California Grand Jury Law.

CGJA is approved by the State Bar of California as an MCLE provider. Five credit hours will be given for attendance at this workshop.


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Report Writing Workshops


Click on "Report Writing Workshops" above for dates and to register.

Report Writing Workshops Content

CGJA conducts report writing workshops to expand on the information presented at the regular grand jury training seminars. These workshops provide a step-by-step description of grand jury report writing, covering such topics as report format and content, distinguishing between facts and findings, tips on how to use compelling language, report editing, conducting exit interviews to verify findings, and the process and requirements for releasing individual reports. These workshops provide helpful tools enabling grand juries to improve the quality, readability, accuracy, and effectiveness of their reports. Hands-on exercises will provide practice in developing effective findings and recommendations.


2021 Seminar and Workshop Fees


  Onsite Training Seminar

  $2,300 for up to 19 people, and $30 per person for each additional, or

  Onsite Training Seminar (for two counties together)

  $1,500 per county for up to 19 people each, and $30 per person thereafter, or

 Onsite Training Seminar (for three counties together)

  $1,300 per county for up to 19 people each, and $30 per person thereafter, or                                                      

  12-Hour Grand Jury Training Seminar (per county) (Remote via Zoom over 3-4 days)

  $1,900 for up to 19 people, and $30 per person thereafter.

  Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshop (in-person)

  $70 per person, or

  Foreperson and Pro Tem Workshop (Remote via Zoom in two half-day sessions)                                                                       

  $50 per person

  Legal Advisors' Workshop

  $95 per person

  Report Writing Workshops (Six-Hour workshop presented remotely via Zoom over two days)

  $900 for a full grand jury of up to 19 members, or $50 per person for multi-county workshops, or

  Report Writing Workshops (in-person)

  $1,200 for a full grand jury on-site full-day workshop



Refund Policy


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Possible Answers RWWS Tab 2 Exercises 2021.docx


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